The plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a candidate gene for stroke based on PAI-1's crucial role in fibrinolytic system. However, association studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the association between PAI-1 polymorphisms and stroke susceptibility. To further elucidate the putative association, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide a complete picture of the loci investigated for association of PAI-1 polymorphism with stroke risk and to derive a precise estimation. PubMed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were searched until June 2015 to identify eligible studies. Forty data sets from 39 studies with a total of 8336 cases and 14,403 controls were included. The most commonly investigated polymorphism was -675 4G/5G, followed by -844 G/A, 11053 T > G, HindIII C/G, and (CA)n. Overall, our meta-analysis provided evidence for the significant association of PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism with an increased risk of adult but not pediatric ischemic stroke (adult: 4G/4G vs. 4G/5G + 5G/5G, OR = 1.21, 95 % CI = 1.04-1.42). In the subgroup analysis, significant association was detected in Asians (4G/4G vs. 4G/5G + 5G/5G, OR = 1.45, 95 % CI = 1.14-1.85) but not Caucasians. Moreover, we found that -844 G/A but not 11053 T > G polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (-844G/A: A/A vs. G/G: OR = 1.32, 95 % CI = 1.01-1.73). A tendency of PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism towards a decreased risk of hemorrhagic stroke was observed (4G/4G + 4G/5G vs. 5G/5G, OR = 0.77, 95 % CI = 0.59-1.02, P = 0.066). Future well-designed studies in large well-characterized sample size and presenting results stratified by gender, age, and stroke subtype are warranted.
Key words: 4G/5G PROMOTER POLYMORPHISM; ARTERIAL ISCHEMIC-STROKE; ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION; PAI-1 GENE; CEREBRAL INFARCTION; INSERTION/DELETION POLYMORPHISM; FIBRINOLYTIC SYSTEM; HEMORRHAGIC STROKE; 4G/4G GENOTYPE; VESSEL DISEASE
引用本文： . . 华西虚拟期刊, 2000, 1(1): 328-341-. doi: 10.1007/s12035-015-9549-8 复制