Background: Postoperative limb positioning has been reported to be an efficient and simple way to reduce blood loss and improve range of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This meta-analysis was designed to compare the effectiveness of two different limb positions in primary TKA.
Materials and methods: A meta-analysis of the PubMed, CENTRAL, Web of Science, EMBASE and Google Search Engine electronic databases was performed. In this meta-analysis, two postoperative limb positions were considered: mild-flexion (flexion less than 60 degrees) and high-flexion (flexion at 60 degrees or more). The subgroups were analysed using RevMan 5.3.
Results: Nine RCTs were included with a total sample size of 913 patients. The mild- and high-flexion positions significantly reduced postoperative total blood loss (P = 0.04 and P = 0.01; respectively). Subgroup analysis indicated that knee flexion significantly reduced hidden blood loss when the knee was fixed in mild-flexion (P = 0.0004) and significantly reduced transfusion requirements (P = 0.03) and improved range of motion (ROM) (P < 0.00001) when the knee was fixed in high-flexion. However, the rates of wound-related infection, deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) did not significantly differ between the two flexion groups.
Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggests that mild-and high-flexion positions have similar efficacy in reducing total blood loss. In addition, subgroup analysis indicates that the mild-flexion position is superior in decreasing hidden blood loss compared with high-flexion; the high-flexion position is superior to mild-flexion in reducing transfusion requirements and improving postoperative ROM. Thus, the use of the high-flexion position is a viable option to reduce blood loss in patients following primary TKA without increasing the risk of wound-related infection, DVT or PE. (C) 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
引用本文： . . 华西虚拟期刊, 2000, 1(1): 15-23-. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.11.135 复制