Polypropylene (PP), as one of the most common prosthetic materials, has been widely used in intra-peritoneal repair. However, its adhesion to viscera has severely limited its application. Therefore it is critical to improve the PP surface with an anti-adhesion property. In this work, based on dopamine-inspired chemistry, virgin PP (V-PP) mesh was first pretreated with O-2 plasma, subsequently dipped in dopamine aqueous solution for 24 h, and then chitosan (CS) was grafted onto it. Finally the anti-adhesion mesh (O-PP/PDA/CS) was obtained. The formation procedure of a PDA/CS ad-layer was characterized by water contact angle measurements, ATR-FTIR, SEM, and XPS. The results show that a PDA/CS ad-layer could be coated on the PP surface efficiently. NIH/3T3 cells were first cultured on O-PP/PDA/CS meshes to evaluate the availability of anti-adhesion and biocompatibility in vitro, and then the efficacy of the PDA/CS-coating as a barrier for reducing postsurgical adhesions was evaluated using a rat abdominal wall defect model. Compared with the V-PP group, NIH/3T3 cells exhibited higher viability in the O-PP/PDA/CS groups as evaluated by the CCK-8 method. In addition, NIH/3T3 cells grow into round-shapes on the O-PP/PDA/CS surface. This indicates that the modification strategy can facilely lead to excellent properties of anti-adhesion. In vivo tests further indicate that O-PP/PDA/CS meshes were effective in reducing adhesion formation.
引用本文： . . 华西虚拟期刊, 2000, 1(1): 575-585-. doi: 10.1039/c6tb02667b 复制