OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of real-time 3D CT image guidance during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Between October 2013 and December 2013, a total of 20 patients were prospectively enrolled in the present study. Previously acquired portal venous phase CT datasets and intraoperative CT datasets were registered on a dedicated workstation. We accomplished semiautomatic registration for the datasets of 11 of 20 patients (55%), and we performed manual registration for the datasets of the remaining nine patients. The selected volume of interest of the CT image showing the portal vein vasculature was overlaid onto the fluoroscopic display to provide real-time 3D CT image guidance during the procedure.
RESULTS. For all 20 patients, TIPS procedures were successfully performed by the same operator. The mean (+/- SD) number of needle passes required for portal vein entry was 1.8 +/- 1.1 passes (range, 1-5 passes). The mean duration of radiographic fluoroscopy was 3.5 +/- 1.1 minutes for portal vein entry and 11.4 +/- 2.1 minutes for the whole procedure. The mean radiation dose used for the whole TIPS procedure was 295.5 +/- 66.6 Gy . cm(2). No major technical complications were observed.
CONCLUSION. Real-time 3D guidance with the use of preoperative CT is feasible, safe, and effective for assisting in the creation of TIPS. This approach may result in a shorter procedural time and less radiation exposure. However, future studies are required to compare this method with other mapping techniques.
引用本文： . . 华西虚拟期刊, 2000, 1(1): W11-W16-. doi: 10.2214/AJR.15.15210 复制