目的 探讨德阳市道路交通伤中人员分布的流行病学特点。 方法 回顾性统计分析德阳市2003年－2005年发生的5 300例道路交通伤资料，总结其中的规律和特点。 结果 在5 300例交通伤中，伤亡人员以男性居多（男︰女= 2.58︰1），其中16～55岁的青壮年占了全部伤亡人员的75.72%；工人、农林牧渔业人员和学生占交通伤的比例最高，达52.73%。步行、二轮摩托车和自行车是造成人员伤亡的最主要三个原因，三者比例达到了59.34%。 结论 加强交通安全意识的教育，加大交通法规的宣传和贯彻力度，加强部门间协作是减少交通伤发生的有效措施。
Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of the distrubution of people with trauma due to traffic accidents in Deyang City. Methods The data of 5 300 road traffic accidents from 2003 to 2005 in Deyang were retrospectively analyzed. The rules and characters were summarized. Results More males were injured or dead than females in the 5 300 road traffic accidents (male : female = 2.58︰1 ). The young adults aged from 16 to 55 accounted for 75.72% of all the casualties. The workers, agriculture employees and students had the largest percentage (52.73%) of the injuries. Walking and riding motorcycles and bicycles were the main causes leading to the injury, which occupied 59.34%. Conclusion The effective measures to reduce trauma due to traffic accidents will attribute to enhance the personnel awareness of road safety education, improve the publicity work and enforcement of traffic laws, and strengthen collaboration of different epartments.
引用本文： 陈曦,刘跃洪,徐巍,刘树平,周宇,张德胜,杨灵. 德阳市道路交通伤人员分布的流行病学调查分析. 华西医学, 2012, 27(1): 40-43. doi: CNKI: 51-1356/R.20120115.1604.046 复制